Glossary beginning with E

Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.


East African Asians search for term

Many people from what are now India and Pakistan migrated to East Africa in the 19th century, some as indentured labour for the British, while others were traders or labourers. A large number left after the end of British colonial rule because of discrimination, or expulsion. In 1972, the Ugandan government expelled all Asians from the country.

Employment Agency search for term

An agency that finds jobs for people seeking one and finds people to fill particular jobs which employers are wanting to fill.

Employment Contract search for term

The legal agreement between an employer and a worker. It sets out the terms of the job, including wages, working hours and holidays.

Employment Legislation search for term

Laws that have been passed over time, governing the relationship between employers and workers, and the rights and responsibilities of each side.

Employment Tribunals search for term

Employment tribunals make judgements on disputes between employers and workers. Claims can include unfair dismissal, redundancy payments and discrimination. Formerly (till 1998) called Industrial Tribunals.

Equal Opportunities search for term

The concept that everyone should be treated fairly, regardless of their disability, race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs or age. Everyone should have an equal chance to apply and be selected for jobs, receive training and promotion, and receive equal pay for work of equal value.

Equal Pay search for term

The same rate of pay for the same work, whether it is done by a man or a woman.

Equality Legislation search for term

Laws that make it illegal to treat people differently because of different aspects of their identity. In Britain the first equality legislation referred to gender, but now other legislation covers race, religious belief, disability, age and sexual orientation.

European Commission Directive search for term

An order from the European Union setting out a goal that it requires its member countries to achieve. Individual governments in each country have to adapt their laws to meet these goals, but are free to decide how to do so. Directives are used to bring the laws of each member country in line with each other.

European Union search for term

An economic and political partnership between 27 European countries, including Britain. It promotes cooperation between the member countries and sets policies on issues such as trade, travel and human rights. Member countries send elected representatives to the European parliament.