People migrate for many reasons, including economic, political, environmental factors, or to join a family member. This section explores these categories through case studies of real life migrants.
It is important to note that this list does not include all types of migration and that these categories are not mutually exclusive. Migrants commonly fall into more than one category and move across different categories as their circumstances and that of their home countries change. This has been termed as ‘mixed migration’. Forced and voluntary migration are often seen as separate migration categories. However, in reality it can sometimes be hard to distinguish between the two. Similarly, people who may have initially thought of their migration as temporary may decide to settle - often because of changes in immigration policy of the receiving country or the situation in their home country.
There are other categories of (mainly temporary) migrants, including students, tourists and business visitors that are not included in the case studies in this discussion.
After reading the sections on the different types of migrants and the relevant case studies, answer the following questions, in well-structured sentences:
- Define each type of migrant.
An Economic Migrant is…..
A Political Migrant is …..
An Environmental Migrant is ….
A Migrant for Family Reunion is …
2. In what ways do the types of migration differ from each other?
3.In what ways do these different categories overlap or change from one to the other? Draw upon the migrant stories to illustrate you answer.